Summary of Lim Lian Geok Struggle

Fight for Chinese School Teachers’ Welfare

        Lim Lian Geok was a teacher in Confucian Chinese school since 1935 until 1961. In 1945, he took charge of the rehabilitation of the school which was destroyed by the war. He was actively involved in the founding of the Chinese Teachers Association of Kuala Lumpur (KLCSTA) to fight for the welfare of the Chinese school teachers in the spirit of modern unionism.


Opposition to Barnes Report

        Barnes Report of Education 1951 which proposed to abolish Chinese and Tamil schools had caused strong revolt from Chinese and Indian communities. Lim Lian Geok, then the president of KLCSTA together with other Chinese educationists called a Pan-Malayan Chinese teachers meeting in August 1951 to oppose the Barnes Report. This had lead to formation of United Chinese Schools Teachers Association of Malaya (Jiao Zong, UCSTA, now UCSTAM).


Malacca Meeting and Razak Report

        Lim and his associates attended a pre-election negotiation session, namely Malacca meeting, with the Alliance at the residence of Tan Cheng Lock on 12 Jan 1955. Lim compromised by promising not to raise the official language issue before the election in exchange for a verbal guarantee from Tunku Abdul Rahman that the 1952 Education Ordinance as an implementation of Barnes Report would be abolished. It helped the Alliance scored a landslide victory by capturing 51 out of 52 seats in the general election. In return, the 1956 Razak Report incorporated all four existing streams of primary schools into the national education system.


Malayanizing of Text Books

        In those pre-Independence days, Lim Lian Geok had a Malayan perspective and advocated the Malayanizing of text books in the local Chinese schools in 1952. He said that : “The existing books were written and published by China, much materials do not reflect the real situation in Malaya, we should reform the outdated text books….This goes to prove that our younger generation is being imbued with a sense of loyalty to Malaya”


Citizenship revoked

        Lim Lian Geok’s citizenship and teaching license were revoked in 1961 due to his strong opposition against 1960 Rahman Talib Report and 1961 Education Act which required all secondary schools to teach in English or Malay. Eventually 54 out of 70 Chinese secondary schools had been converted to ‘national type secondary schools’ by accepting the government’s financial assistance. Lim refused to return to China where he was born, he said that “Lim Lian Geok can withstand the test of crisis and hardship, I never surrender nor renege! I do not give up! I do not escape or leave my country!”


Manifesting a Malayan Mindset

       Lim Lian Geok was invited to address the readers of Utusan Melayu on Hari Raya Aidilfitri titled “Manifesting a Malayan Mindset”(published in Jawi script) on 4 May 1956. It is a tribute to the stature of Lim Lian Geok, at the time a Chinese community leader and a supporter of Malay mother tongue education


Passed Away

       In 1985, he died of lung infection. The honour the Chinese community bestowed on him upon his death was to turn the Selangor Chinese Assembly Hall into the funeral parlour, the first time this has been done in its past 60 years of history. At his funeral, the procession was the largest the capital had ever witnessed for any Malaysian Chinese.

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